Subject-Verb Agreement in English Grammar [ Definition, Rules and Examples ]

Subject-Verb Agreement

 

Definition in English – A Verb must agree with its subject in Number and Person.

 

Definition in Hindi – किसी Verb को अपने Subject के Number और Person के अनुसार होना चाहिए।

 

👍 A Singular subject requires a Singular Verb.

👍 A Plural subject requires a Plural Verb.

 

Subject-Verb Agreement General Rules –

 

Rule – 1 . Singular Subject के साथ Singular Verb का प्रयोग होता है और Plural Subject के साथ Plural Verb का प्रयोग होता हैं।

 

जैसे –

 

(a.) Sing. Sub. + Sing. Verb

 

The boy reads.

The cow gives milk.

This pen is red.

My brother is a doctor.

 

(b.) Plu. Sub. + Plu. Verb

 

The boys read.

Cows give milk.

These pens are red.

My brothers are doctors.

 

Note – 

 

(A.) “I” Singular है, परन्तु इसके साथ Plural Verb (have, eat, laugh, run, e.t.c.) का प्रयोग होता है।

 

जैसे –

 

I have a dog.

I have been sleeping.

I have eaten.

I love my friends.

 

(B.) You का प्रयोग Singular Noun के बदले में भी होता है और Plural Noun के बदले में भी, परन्तु दोनों ही परिस्थतियों में इसके साथ Plural Verb का ही प्रयोग होता हैं।

 

जैसे –

 

You are a student.

You are students.

You were my friend.

You were my friends.

 

Rule 2 . यदि वाक्य में Subject के रूप में या वाक्य के Subject में each, every, either, neither, one, everyone, anyone, no one, someone, nobody, much, a little, little इत्यादि प्रयुक्त रहें, तो Verb Singular Number में प्रयुक्त होगा।

 

जैसे –

 

Each boy has a pen.

Each of them is guilty.

Everyone was present.

Nobody was there.

 

Rule 3 . both, many, several, few, a few, these, those, two, three, four etc से Plural Number का बोध होता है। अतः वाक्य के Subject के रूप में या वाक्य के Subject में यदि प्रयुक्त रहें, तो Verb Plural Number में प्रयुक्त होगा।

 

जैसे –

 

A few persons are honest.

Those are your books.

Several apples were rotten.

Three cows are grazing there.

 

Rule 4 . यदि किसी वाक्य का Subject as well as, along with, together with, with, and not, like, unlike, including, excluding, but, except या besides के द्वारा joint रहे, तो वाक्य का Verb इन शब्दों के पहले प्रयुक्त होने वाले पद के अनुसार Singular या Plural होगा।

 

जैसे –

 

He as well as his children is honest.

I as well as they am ready to go there.

He, and not I, has done it.

He along with his friends is coming today.

 

Rule 5 . जब दो अंक and से संयुक्त रहते हैं, तब उनके लिए प्रयुक्त Verb प्रायः Singular Number में ही रहता हैं

 

जैसे –

 

Two and two is four.

Three and three is six.

 

And Many More Rules Updated Soon………

 

Final Thoughts – 

 

आप यह इंग्लिश ग्रामर के चैप्टर्स को भी पढ़े –

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